2019 Asia-Pacific Forum on Economic and Social Development
Study on the Comparative Profits of Different Types of Rural Labor Force
Yang liYong, Liu DeJiang, Yang YanJun
Non-farming employment and transfer of rural labor force are of great significance for solving the problems of agriculture, rural areas and farmers and realizing urbanization. Based on the micro perspective of labor force, this paper empirically analyzes the income differences of different types of rural labor force through the questionnaire of farmers and the method of hypothesis testing. The research shows that farming is significantly lower than non-farming both in terms of labor efficiency and labor income. Although the income gap between farming and non-farming can be narrowed appropriately by expanding the business scale, it is still significantly lower than non-farming income. The higher the degree of non-farming, the greater the efficiency and benefits of non-farming labor. However, when the labor force changes from the main farming to the main non - farming, it will bring the dual reduction of agricultural efficiency and income. The efficiency and benefits of "doing business" are significantly higher than that of "going out to work". It is suggested to increase the efficiency and income of rural labor transferring to non-agricultural industries by expanding the scale and degree of farmland transferring, strengthening labor skills training and supporting farmers returning home to start their own businesses.
Rural Labor Force; Farming; Non-Farming Employment; Comparative Profit
Cite this paper:
Yang liYong, Liu DeJiang, Yang YanJun. Study on the Comparative Profits of Different Types of Rural Labor Force. 2019 Asia-Pacific Forum on Economic and Social Development (APFESD 2019). 2019, Vol.2: 126-132.